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France: Equal opportunities

Original and updating author: Mark Carley


  • Direct and indirect discrimination in employment is prohibited on various grounds. (See General)
  • Difference in treatment on the prohibited grounds is permitted in certain circumstances. (See Exemptions)
  • Harassment on various grounds and sexual harassment are prohibited. (See Harassment and sexual harassment)
  • Employers may not dismiss, discipline or otherwise discriminate against employees as a reaction to them having witnessed or reported a discriminatory act. (See Victimisation)
  • An employer that discriminates against an employee may commit a criminal offence and/or face a claim for damages. (See Remedies and penalties)