National minimum wage

Zuraida Curtis

Editor's message: The national minimum wage has been a key policy area for successive governments since its introduction in 1999, with the Conservative administration asking the Low Pay Commission to recommend rates so that they “are set as high as possible without damaging the employment prospects of each group".

The national minimum wage is enforced through a combination of financial penalties for non-payment and a policy of "naming and shaming" - the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy publicises cases where employers have deliberately breached the national minimum wage laws.

Even if the rates that you pay appear to be significantly higher than the national minimum wage, you should still check that you are not inadvertently breaching the law. For example, a salary-sacrifice arrangement might bring an employee's pay below the relevant national minimum wage rate. This remains a breach of the national minimum wage rules even though a special exemption from an underpayment penalty may apply.

The level of the minimum wage is reviewed each year, with uprating taking place on 1 April. The national living wage was extended to workers aged 21 or over from 1 April 2024.

Zuraida Curtis, senior legal editor, employment law and compliance

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HR and legal information and guidance relating to the national minimum wage.